Written by Ms. Cabe and Mr. Neria


There are many paths you may chose after high school. Please click on the links to explore the different branches of the military and Job Corp, a no-cost education and career technical training program administered by the U.S. Department of Labor. 


Hay muchos caminos que pueden elegir después de la escuela secundaria. Haga clic en los enlaces para explorar las diferentes ramas de las fuerzas armadas y Job Corp, un programa de educación y capacitación técnica profesional sin costo administrado por el Departamento de Trabajo de EE. UU.








Air Force


Coast Guard



Job Corps is a no-cost education and career technical training program administered by the U.S. Department of Labor that helps young people ages 16 to 24 improve the quality of their lives through career technical and academic training. 



Ms. Cabe & Mr. Neria

Written by David Hatz, Retired Teacher and Coach

           Lovers of the English language, whether they be teachers, grammarians, linguists or
whoever, become apoplectic whenever speakers and writers confuse who and whom (and are
quick to correct them).
           Most English speakers realize there is a difference between these two pronouns, but not
all understand what the difference is. Hence, these two poor pronouns are often misused.
           Sadly, there are people today who no longer believe that it is a big deal and don’t care
which is used. However, as a I lifelong lover and student of English, I do. Further, because it is
easy to determine when to use who/whom, I will give you with you the rule and share a trick so
you will know when to use each.
           First, the rule:
           • Who is used to refer to the subject of the sentence;
           • Whom is used refer to the object of a verb or preposition.
           Here are a few examples where who is the subject of a sentence:
           Who is going to the football game Friday?
           Who qualified for CSF this semester?
           Who made these delicious enchiladas?
           Now a few simple sentences featuring whom as the object of a verb or preposition:
           For whom is the package is intended?
           I don’t know with whom I will go to the prom?
           Whom do you believe will be our next ASB president?
           The key is knowing when the who/whom pronoun is the object of a verb or preposition,
an here is where the simple trick comes in.
           Try substituting “he” or “she” and “him or “her.” If “he” or “she” fits, use who. If “him or
“her” fits, use whom.
           Example: Who/whom ate my pizza?
           OK, try substituting “he” and “him.” He ate my pizza. Him ate my pizza. “He” is obviously
correct so you would use who.
           Let’s try another one:
           Example: Who/whom should I contact about joining the SCPA?
           Try substituting “she” and “her.” I should talk to she. I should talk to her. “Her” works, so
the word you would use is whom.
           Now let’s discuss whoever and whomever.
           Go back and reread the first paragraph of this article. You will see that I used “whoever.”
Was I right? Let’s put it to the test.
           First you need to know that the rule for who and whom also applies to
whoever/whomever. Whoever is a subject pronoun and works like the pronouns he, she, and
they. Whomever is an object pronoun and works like the pronouns him, her, and them.
           Because whoever refers to more than one person, “they” and “them” will be the
substitute words. They become apoplecticThem become apoplectic… . They is obviously
correct, so I got it right.
           Here are a couple of other clues that are helpful:
           • Whom tends to follow a preposition, like “from” and “to”).
           • Whom also tends to come after the verb in the sentence; however, it can start a
           sentence, as shown in one of the sentences above.
           The important thing to remember is that “whom” is receiving the action, while “who” is
performing the action.

The Trouble with English

           Previous articles have included comments on quirks and contradictions that can make
English confusing and difficult, particularly for but not limited to English language learners. Even
the most proficient of speakers and writers often left scratching their heads.
           I’ll end today with some observations and questions that hopefully will leave you
           Does the fact that Kansas and Arkansas are pronounced differently bother you? It does
           Is the “S” or “C” in in scent silent?
           Why does “fridge” have a “D” in it, but refrigerator doesn’t?
           You can drink a drink, but you can’t food a food.
           The word “queue” is just a “Q” with four silent letters.
           Hyphenated. Non-hyphenated. Oh, the irony!
           And, finally, the word “phonetically” doesn’t even begin with an F. A quirk like this is the
reason aliens fly right past us.
           Wishing everyone in the land of Sparta a happy and safe Thanksgiving.

Written by Ms. Cabe and Mr. Neria

Good afternoon Spartans!

We hope you had an opportunity to take the personality test yesterday and find out what career areas interest you.

Today’s focus is to start preparing for your next career move! Please check out the website sponsored by the US Department of Labor with information about Careers. The middle search area has great information on various careers, including information about education, skills, and characteristics needed for tons of jobs! See the link below to access this great site:

What do you want to do for a living?

Happy career hunting!

Mrs. Cabe and Mr. Neria

Buenas tardes Spartans!

Esperamos que hayan tenido oportunidad de tomar el examen de personalidad ayer y descubrieron que carrera les interesa.

Hoy el enfoque es de prepararlos para su siguiente movida de preparacion. Por favor revisen la pagina patrozinada por el Departamento de Labor estado unidense! La pagina contiene gran informacion de varias carreras, incluyendo datos de educacion, habilidades y caracteristicas para cada trabajo. Por favor usen este link:

Que quieren hacer para ganar dinero?

Suerte en su busqueda!

Sra. Cabe y Sr. Neria

Written by Ms. Cabe and Mr. Neria

Good morning Spartans!

This week we begin our 5th week of Challenges and our focus is Careers! We hope that you are ready to explore your future and what careers best fit your interests.

The first step in finding the correct career for you is to find out more about yourself. Please use the following free resource and take a career test to see which industry is best for you! The site has multiple fields to match all your possible interests!


Time to explore!

Mrs. Cabe and Mr. Neria

Buenos dias Spartans!

Esta semana comensamos nuestra quinta semana de retos y nuestro enfoque es Carreras! Esperemos que esten listos para explorar su futuro y las carreras que van con sus intereses.

El primer paso en encontrar la carrera correcta es por conoser mas sobre si mismo. Por favor utilizen este recurso gratis y tomen su examen para ver que industria es mejor para ustedes. Esta pagina tiene varias industrias para sus intereses.


Hora de explorar!

Sra. Cabe and Mr. Neria

Written by Ms. Cabe and Mr. Neria

Happy Friday Spartans!

Today, as part of our last day of College Week, we have a special video for you!

Zucel Rodrigurez, class of 2020 and freshman at UC Berkeley, is sharing her experience as a college student! Zucel just graduated this past June and has great tips for you!

Please watch the video as she shares her college experience!

Zucel Rodriguez Video

Ms. Cabe and Mr. Neria

Feliz Viernes Spartans!

Hoy por ser el ultimo dia de nuestra semana colegial, les tenemos un video especial!

Zucel Rodriguez, estudiante de la clase 2020 y estudiante de primer ano en UC Berkeley, nos comparte su experiencia! Zucel se acaba de graduar y tiene unos buenos tips!

Por favor disfruten del video de Zucel y su experiencia colegial!


Sra. Cabe Y Sr. Neria

Written by Ms. Cabe and Mr. Neria

Hello Spartans,

Hope you had a great Veterans Day!

Today we continue with our College Week Challenge. We hope that at this point you have reviewed all the resources and are ready to take the next step and find out what university life is all about. Please check out the following 4 resources with information, videos, and first hand accounts of the college experience!

College Life Across the Country

Check out campus life in three of our local universities:
SDSU: newscenter.sdsu.edu/home/currentstudents.aspx
UCSD: ucsd.edu/campus-life/index.html

Have a great Thursday!

Ms. Cabe and Mr. Neria

Hola Spartans!

Esperemos que hayan tenido un buen dia de los Veteranos!

Hoy continuamos con el reto semanal de la universidad. Espero que a este punto han revisado todos los recursos y estan listos para el siguiente paso de aprender sobre la vida universitaria. Por favor revisen estos 4 recursos que contienen informacion, videos y cuentos de primera mano sobre la vida colegial.

La Vida Colegial por el Pais
La vida colegial en tres universidades locales
SDSU: newscenter.sdsu.edu/home/currentstudents.aspx
UCSD: ucsd.edu/campus-life/index.html

Feliz Jueves!

Sra. Cabe y Sr. Neria

Written by Michelle Zeng, Student/Assistant to Dean at CVHS

Hey Spartans! The American Red Cross is hosting blood drives at the old Sears building at the Chula Vista Center (565 Broadway, Chula Vista, CA 91910). If you are interested in donating blood, upcoming dates include:

11/23 11:30-5:30
12/7 11:30-5:30
12/21 11:30-5:30

Keep in mind that you will need to schedule an appointment with the Red Cross beforehand with your Sweetwater Schools email, be 16 or older, and meet the weight requirement!

This is an opportunity for anyone in our community, so spread the word! Our nation is facing a blood shortage, so donating blood is greatly appreciated! If you are interested in donating blood and ARE NOT a student, please mention that you are associated with CVHS when you sign up!

For the Community Service Form, CLICK HERE

Written by Mr. Hatz, Retired Teacher and Coach

           In 22 years of teaching English at Chula Vista High School, inarguably the question asked most frequently by students went something like this: “How can I improve my writing?” or “What can I do to become a better writer?”
           Assuming these students had a decent understanding of writing conventions – complete sentences, spelling, grade-level vocabulary, etc. – my response was short and simple: “Use rhetorically accurate verbs (always), and use adverbs sparingly.
           I will first focus on my second piece of advice: ditch the adverbs. They are overused, often redundant and can cause unnecessary clutter.
           But you do not have to take my word for it. Instead, here is what two highly regarded authors have to say about adverbs:
           “The road to hell is paved with adverbs. … Adverbs are evil!” – Stephen King
           “Adverbs are the tool of the lazy writer.” – Mark Twain
           Now, it is true there are times when adverbs are necessary; other times, properly used adverbs can liven up a sentence or strengthen a description.
           That said, more often than not adverbs can be problematic – especially for young writers.
           Here’s a basic overview from writingforward.com:
           “Adjectives and adverbs are modifiers. Adjectives modify nouns whereas adverbs modify verbs, other adverbs, adjectives, phrases, and clauses. In fact, an adverb can modify an entire sentence. This gives adverbs a rather large playing field; maybe that explains why they are overused.”
           Most adverbs end in -ly, and they are among the most worthless. However, the most worthless adverb (by far) is very. Stop using it. NOW! Writers who use very exemplify Twain’s comment about lazy writers.
           To help you with this endeavor I have provided some examples of words modified by the adverb very. In parenthesis is a specific and rhetorically accurate verb(s) that eliminate the need for very:

           Very angry (furious, irate) Very upset (distraught, disconsolate)
           Very beautiful (gorgeous) Very cold (freezing)
           Very big (massive, huge) Very strong (forceful)
           Very boring (dull, mundane) Very calm (serene, peaceful)
           Very poor (destitute) Very ugly (hideous)
           Very cheap (stingy) Very small (petite)
           Very clean (spotless) Very funny (hilarious)
           Very short (brief) Very quiet (hushed, silent)
           Very difficult (arduous) Very rich (wealthy)
           Very dry (arid) Very expensive (costly)
           Very bad (awful, horrible) Very tall (towering)
           Very smart (intelligent) Very easy (effortless)
           Very sad (sorrowful) Very wet (soaked)

           This is probably a good time to offer another piece of advice: Regardless of how expansive your vocabulary is, purchase or use an online thesaurus and make it your new “best friend” for all writing assignments.
           Now let’s deal with -ly adverbs. They are generally unnecessary and often repetitive. Fortunately it is easy to eliminate adverbs, especially when they modify verbs.
           For example, the phrase “run quickly” can be used to describe someone who is running fast. But replace “run” with a more concrete or specific verb like sprinted or hurried and you no longer need “quickly.”
           Here is another example: She cried uncontrollably. Replace cried with sobbed and you provide a specific descriptor and eliminate the adverb.
           Then there are times when the verb choice is fine but students add an adverb that is merely redundant. For instance: the boy screamed loudly. Really? As opposed to screamed softly? Thank you, Captain Obvious.
           Or this: She smiled happily. This phrase isn’t necessarily redundant as one can smile sadly. But replacing smile with beamed or grinned makes it clear the person is elated.
           Why “walk slowly” when you can stroll?
           Instead of saying someone spoke softly, why not say they whispered or mumbled?
           Rather than say “she said jokingly,” just say “she joked.”
           Also high on the list of adverbs to avoid are those that intensify, including but not limited to truly, really, actually, and extremely. Using them often creates the opposite effect and detracts from the phrase’s power because they are so overused.
           For example, a “really important meeting” is no more consequential than an
“important” one; a person described as “extremely brilliant” is no more impressive than one described as “brilliant”; and a “truly perfect evening” is no more flawless than a “perfect” one. Again, concrete, specific words do not need adverbs.
           When is it OK to use an adverb? When you absolutely must. Here are some examples of sentences that use adverbs well from (the adverbs are italicized):
           Congress recently passed a new law.
           She entered the room silently.
           He drives a dark green sedan.
           Yes, sometimes we need adverbs. We just need to use them sparingly.

Written by Ms. Cabe and Mr. Neria

Good afternoon Spartans,

On Day 2 of our College Challenge, we wanted to share with you information on applying to college. Hopefully, yesterday you had an opportunity to create a Thrively account and browse the College Board Website.

Today, please take a moment to explore the following links relating to applying for college.

1. www.usnews.com/education/best-colleges/articles/college-application-process

2. bigfuture.collegeboard.org/get-in/applying

3. www.khanacademy.org/college-careers-more/college-admissions/applying-to-college/college-application-process/a/college-application-checklist

Remember, college’s are waiting for you to apply!

Ms. Cabe and Mr. Neria

Buenas tardes Spartans,

Es el segundo dia de nuestro reto colegial y queremos compartir como aplicar a la universidad. Espero que todos crearon su cuenta de Thrively y revisaron la Pagina del College Board.

Hoy, por favor revisen estos links que les ayudaran a aplicar:
1. www.usnews.com/education/best-colleges/articles/college-application-process

2. bigfuture.collegeboard.org/get-in/applying

3. www.khanacademy.org/college-careers-more/college-admissions/applying-to-college/college-application-process/a/college-application-checklist

Acuerdense, que las universidades los estan esperando a ustedes!

Sra. Cabe y Sr. Neria

Hosted by Lailah Equihua, ASB Attorney General and Senior at CVHS

Hello Spartans! Here is a recap of this week’s Mindful Monday. In this presentation, you will learn about yoga and how you can find the right type of yoga that will best suit your needs!

Link to presentation: https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1uojBCy9zX_XO5YuFSwWH1QH16zLmmMRCtSi3eJ4WjCM/edit?usp=sharing